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EUROPEAN
SOCIOBIOLOGICAL
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NEWSLETTER Nr. 40

JANUARY 1996
COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE



Editor and ESS Secretariate: Johan M.G. van der Dennen, Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Groningen, Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 5/9, 9712 EA Groningen, The Netherlands, Fax: +31 50 3635635, E-mail: j.m.g.van.der.dennen@rechten.rug.nl

Book Review Editor: Marcel Roele, Meeuwenlaan 111a, 1021 HX Amsterdam, The Netherlands, E-mail: m_roele@dds.nl

ISSN: 0929-0206. Published by Origin Press, Groningen, The Netherlands





With great regret and grief, the Board of the European Sociobiological Society has to announce the death of our Society's founding father and continually inspiring member

Prof. Dr. Jan Wind
1932 - 1995

Suffering from cancer for nearly two years, Jan died October 30, 1995 after an acute illness of less than four weeks.

Trained as a physician, Jan became a respected ear, nose and throat specialist in Bussum, the Netherlands. His scientific interests have always been with genetics and human evolution, in particular behaviour and speech. He has been a part-time senior lecturer in the faculty of medicine of the Free University in Amsterdam since 1974.
In 1982 he was the main driving force behind the foundation of the ESS, which he served very shortly as its first chairman and many years as its secretary. In this function he inspired many people to become a member, not seldomly the start of a long friendly relationship, because Jan was interested in individual people at least as much as in science. In November 1991 Jan became a professor of evolutionary behavioural biology, with special emphasis on the origins of human speech, at the Free University in Amsterdam. This chair was proposed by ESS and the Language Origins Society, the other scientific society of which Jan was the founding father.
The ESS Board will seriously miss Jan's personal companionship and his many productive suggestions. We were very glad to have met Jan in a relatively good condition at the successful Cambridge conference of last August. Although he had expressed the wish to reduce his activities for ESS, he already had plans to come to Alfred, USA, next year, provided that his physical condition would allow him to go. We are very sad to have lost an extraordinary collegue and a very good friend. We wish his wife Janneke, and the children Michiel and Mirjam, the strength to go on without their beloved husband and father.

Photograph by Robert Lantos


This issue of the ESS Newsletter is dedicated to the memory of Jan Wind, founding father of the European Sociobiological Society, and for many years its secretary and Newsletter editor.
    Jan was an amicable and many-faceted man, and, above all, he was a careful and caring person. He was, together with Vincent Falger, the founder, inspirator and enthusiastic proselyte of the ESS, and I have the privilege to be one of its first members and to have known Jan, and later his wife Janneke, for many years. Most of my personal memories of this remarkable and outstanding person relate to his many qualities as a true friend and colleague.
    He was my mentor and tutor for many years, he guided me through the marvels of paleoanthropology, evolution, sociobiology, and numerous other disciplines and research domains he was interested in. He was a teacher in a non-imposing, almost casual, way.
    Only a few months before his death, during his - last - holiday in Indonesia together with his wife, he managed to make time to carefully read the manuscript of my book on the origin of war. And he was present, together with Vincent Falger and Peter Meyer, at my promotion at the University of Groningen - the last time the ESS officers were all together.
It would be his last public appearance.
    For many years Jan literally 'manufactured' the ESS Newsletter single-handedly, carefully typing text in an A5 format and cutting and pasting it together; tirelessly soliciting (and reminding) book reviewers; and patiently, and always friendly and politely, answering thousands of letters. Gradually I took over more and more of his editorial tasks in recent years. He knew the nature of his disease and he retired from the ESS board completely last year, leaving me the ESS Secretariate, which I now share with Marcel Roele.
    But even after his retirement, Jan kept sending me copies, clippings and cartoons from Nature, Science, Scientific American, and numerous other journals and magazines, and he phoned regularly to remind me of things, or for a 'WordPerfect consult' as he called it, or just for a social chat.
    Jan was a devoted husband and father to his wife and children. He was an eminent scientist - or rather, he was a scholar in the true meaning of the word - and physician who was loved by his patients, as my wife and I found out at his farewell reception. He was also a diplomat, having the extraordinary power to reconcile the irreconcilable and appease the unappeasable.
    When his mother, who lived near Groningen, was mortally ill, Jan often came to Groningen by train to look after her for days on end, and he never forgot to drop by (we live near the railroad station) to keep us abreast of the situation. My wife loved to cook when he visited us because he was also, though 'carefully' hidden, a gourmet.
Johan M.G. van der Dennen


In Memoriam Jan Wind


by Peter Meyer, University of Augsburg, Germany; chairman of the ESS

When I first met Jan Wind at the Brussels meeting of the ESS in 1989, I was impressed at once with his rare mixture of curiosity, open-minded ness, and an absolute devotion to scientific discourse. This totally unobtrusive curiosity made me feel welcome as a person, signalled receptiveness toward any contributions I might want to make to the common cause, and thus simply made it easier for me to communicate my views. In years and meetings to come I learned that Jan's talent for signalling openness to persons and to their ideas, helped motivate well established scientists, as well as laypersons, to communicate their ideas on the evolutionary underpinnings of human behaviour.
Jan Wind was an eminent scientist, specializing in human sociobiology, paleoanthropology, and particularly in the origins of human language, to name but a few fields of interest. His lectures not only conveyed a sense of his impressive learning but also his talent for communicating his findings in a scientifically sober, yet amiable manner. I think that Jan's unpretentious way of presenting his findings were a major contribution to the pleasant atmosphere of ESS conferences that, according to numerous private talks I had with newcomers, as well as with regular participants to these meetings, are a distinctive mark of this society. Jan's manner of approaching people was essential also in securing funds, finding publish ers for some of the society's successful books, and in many other ways, not to be dealt with here.

In my function as the chairman of the ESS, I would like to say that Jan Wind's contributions to this society are essential and will be remembered by the board, and I think I may say, by the members of our society. Jan's devotion to science was an inspriation to all participants of our meetings, in fact he set an example that may help us to go on, in spite of the tremendous loss caused by his death. This is at least the way, I feel that Jan's energies may prove helpful for us even beyond the limits of his individual life. I am sure he would be happy to see us going on!


Jan Wind, founding father of the ESS, remembered


by Vincent S.E. Falger1

The history of ESS began with a meeting in 1981 of the contributors to a Dutch book on sociobiology, edited by Frans de Waal. Sociobiology Dis cussed: Evolutionary Roots of Human Behaviour? was published in the period that sociobiology was associated in the first place with controversies2. Emo tions ran high when people dared to think of approaching human behaviour from a biological perspective. In the Netherlands, like in Great Britain and the United States, one ran a serious reputational risk if one tried to take biology seriously in the study of our own behaviour. For example, the Dutch criminologist Willem Buikhuizen, who a few years earlier per formed very unconventional research to discover possible genetic defects in some type of criminals, was ostracised by his colleagues, was slandered in the press, and left Leyden University bitterly disillusioned.
    Frans de Waal, who in the early eighties was also working on his well-known Chimpanzee Politics, brought together a number of people who agreed to disagree on the scope, methods and results of sociobiology. De Waal, himself in the first place an ethologist in the Dutch tradition of Tinbergen, Baerends and van Hooff, recognised the intellectual stimulus of sociobiology, although he never wanted to be seen as a sociobiologist. Among the thirteen authors of Sociobiology Discussed, Jan Wind certainly took the most outspoken position with his contribution on the supposed genetic foundation of egoism and altruism. His opponents were Piet Vroon, a psychologist who criticised Jan's alleged 'genetic reductionism', and A.W. Musschenga, a moral philosopher who was not convinced by Jan's analysis of non-kin altruism. In Jan's answer to his critics we can read among others: "I also have argued that the [straight] relevance of sociobiology for daily life is not very great (as yet). That also goes for generally appreciated mental constructions and theories like 'continental drift', Darwinian evolution, cosmogeny and relativity. One of the tasks of sociobiologists (and other scientists) is to analyse how much (... OK, OK: how little) that relevance is." (p. 97).
    We can see this as illustrative of Jan's character: he liked to trigger thinking in unconventional directions, but he was not an intellectual warmonger. And if we read this as his scientific program, Jan has contributed very much to the promotion of the evolutionary approach of human behaviour. After Sociobiology Discussed was published, October 24-25, 1981, a public conference was held to stimulate further discussion of the subject. At this meeting the first signs of international interest were present in the persons of Roland Corluy and Rob Cliquet from Belgium. Relaxing in the evening with a drink and a small cigar, we - that is, Jan, Roland, Rob, Hans van der Dennen and I myself - contemplated contentedly about the past discussion and the many people interested. I remember very clearly when Jan, in his characteristic quasi-noncommittal way, asked whether it wouldn't be a good idea to try to continue the interesting discussion on a more regular basis. Why not organise a small-scale follow-up conference, because he knew from his international contacts that not only a few Dutch and Belgians were interested in the subject. For me, these questions mark the moment that ESS was born, although its name originally was 'European Sociobiology Study Group'. And so the first meeting of this ESS Group took place August 21-22, 1982, in the International School for Philosophy in Leusden, the Netherlands. The following lengthy quotation is from the anouncement of this conference, and those who have known Jan as an ESS board member will recognise his style of presentation:

"The aim of this meeting is three-fold. First, there will be a, presumably short, business-meeting starting Aug. 21 at 2.00 pm. during which the participants are invited to elect the members of a board and to democratically decide upon the - presumably modest - membership contri bution. The following and main part of the meeting will be dedicated to the scientific work mainly focusing on the possible contribution of biology - especially evolutionary biology - to the understanding of the social behavior of man and animals. A few invited speakers are scheduled among which professors A. Jaquard (Paris), O. Hansen (Lund), U. Melotti (Milano), and E. Voland (Göttingen). Topics to be discussed include sociobiology's relevance for linguistics, for sex ratio manipulation, for sexism and feminism, for political science, and for human family systems, and a methodological analysis of its underlying concepts. Next to these invited, 30 minutes, lectures there will be some place for free papers, the number of which we prefer to keep limited in order to have ample time for discussion. Papers that cannot be accomodated during this meeting can, however, probably be presented during a next one which, we hope, will be implemented a few months later (depending on the viability of this E.S.S. Group). [...] Finally, we hope that during this meeting informal contacts will be established and renewed for which purpose the chosen site [the International School for Philosophy] seems favourable."

At this meeting, August 21st, 1982, the European Sociobiological Society - the name was changed a slightly in order to exploit a well-known acronym as much as possible - was formed by 23 representatives of various academic professions from 7 European countries. As members of the Executive Committee Jan and I have been appointed; together with Weiert Velle (Oslo) we announced our society to various relevant journals and societies. Point 5 of ESS Newsletter no. 1 (October 1982) already announced the next meeting: February 5-6, 1983, at the same location in Leusden. The editor of this Newsletter - not more than one sheet of paper typed on an IBM typewriter showing traces of cutting and fixing - was, of course, Jan Wind. He would also be the first signatory of the official notary act which at June 10th, 1983, promoted ESS to the status of a legally recognised society under Dutch law, which it still is.
    It is true that without Jan's enthousiasm and seemingly unexhaustable working power ESS would not have been created in the first place and have become a modest, but undeniable success thereafter, but he was the opposite of an authoritarian leader. Jan knew the fine art of how to interest other people in the Society's objectives and activities. Not very keen on formal status, Jan preferred to work partly behind the screens in a very informal and personal way. After having been chairman during a short period, Jan chose to act as the Society's secretary, although he remained the driving force until the early nineties. The informality between him, myself and Hans van der Dennen, who from early on was drawn into the preparation of the ESS Newsletter, not only proved very efficient (that, at least, is my opinion), but it also provoked the development of a true friendship which meant to me very much more than I can say here. Jan realised that 'outsiders' might dislike this more or less closed shop business, but he himself ironically talked publicly about us as 'the Dutch mafia', and he always was open to critical suggestions. More than once, especially in recent years, he suggested to retreat from the board as an active member. After all, Jan was not married to ESS, as among other things he showed in his equally active organizational function of founding father and chairman of the Language Origins Society3 and his since 1989 increasing involvement in combatting Kafkaesquely institutionalised child protection organizations.
    One of Jan's great charms was that he enjoyed organizational work, but liked even more the intellectual discussion between people from different disciplinary backgrounds4. Evolutionary theory certainly is an inviting area in this respect, and ESS has profited from Jan's undogmatic, non-'school' type of approach. In our meetings, initially twice a year, there was - and still is - much room for unconventional ideas and starters in the field; too much, it is sometimes said. The conference on the aquatic ape theory (in 1987 in Valkenburg, the Netherlands, co-organised with Machteld Roede) was a fine example of discussion between scientists among each other and between them and those without formal universitary positions. The resulting bookThe Aquatic Ape: Fact or Fiction?, edited by Machteld Roede, Jan Wind and Vernon Reynolds (Souvenir Press, 1991), is one of the many enduring results of these conferences in which 'the scientific work' contributed to the fringes of science itself5. The tradition for this had been set by Jan's editorship of a special issue of the Journal of Human Evolution (vol. 14 (1), 1984; reprinted as Essays in Human Sociobiology, vol. I, 1985), and, together with Vernon Reynolds, volume II of the Essays (1986). The nine edited volumes, seven published and two in preparation, may not have changed our views of evolutionary biology as such, but they reflect ESS's role of attracting attention to new aspects of and insights in, mostly, human behaviour as seen from the most fundamental perspective, evolutionary theory.
    It would be highly appropriate to dedicate the volume hopefully coming out of the successful 1995 ESS conference in Cambridge on 'The Darwinian Heritage and Sociobiology', organised by his ESS and LOS friend Robin Allott, to the memory of Jan Wind, the really talented and continually inspiring man whom our Society will miss dearly.

Notes

1. Dept. of International Relations, University of Utrecht, Janskerkhof 3, 3512 BK Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail: V.Falger@rgl.ruu.nl
2. See, among others, V.S.E. Falger (1984): Sociobiology and political ideology. Comments on the radical point of view. Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 13, 129-135.
3. LOS was founded in 1985 in Cracow, Poland, after it was proposed two years earlier in Vancouver. It is fair to state that Jan's interest in the origins of speech and language date back to his thesis On the Phylogeny and the Ontogeny of the Human Larynx. A Morphological and Functional Study, which he defended in 1970. See also Bernard H. Bichakjian in LOS Forum, no. 21, Fall 1995, 1-3, 'In Memoriam Jan Wind'.
4. Jan himself was everything but a single-minded scientist. Trained as a physician, he combined a florishing practice as an ear, nose and throat specialist with his scientific interests in genetics and human evolution, in particular behaviour and speech. He has been a part-time lecturer in the faculty of medicine of the Free University in Amsterdam since 1974. In November 1991 Jan became a professor of evolutionary behavioural biology, with special emphasis on the origins of human speech, at the same university. In the period of 1972 to 1985 he every year made a trip to one or more Third World countries (in East Africa, India and Nepal) to practice in villages and teach local physicians, nurses and medical students (he was very much interested in development problems, f.e. 'On acculturation and health in traditional societies: noble savages vs. noble savants' Human Ethology Newsletter, vol 5 (1989), no. 9, 5-6), but also collected blood samples for research in his dept. of biological anthropology and visited paleo-archeological sites related to human evolution. Research on fossils in African collections, for example, resulted in 'CT scanning of fossil hominid skulls', Clinical Otolaryngology, vol. 14 (1989), 368-9 (together with F. Zonneveld) and 'Neanderthal speech', New Scientist, no. 1677 (1989), 65. A much earlier, but also typical scientifically fascinating problem was 'Human drowning: phylogenetic origin', Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 5 (1976), 349-363. In 1994 he sent a reprint to two Dutch colleagues who had published an article on submersion with children, telling them in an accompanying short letter that he became interested in the problem after he as a medical student had rescued a boy out of one of Utrecht's canals leading alongside the academic children's hospital where the authors worked. Of course, he never mentioned that in public, but he used such a detail to make new contacts. It is hardly surprising that one of the last initiatives Jan took, was stimulating a small group of Dutch high school biology teachers to discuss the problem caused by the question whether or not evolution should be made a part of the written examination in biology (fundamentalist forces had gained support for the vision that Darwinist evolution was not science, but just a philosophical orientation).
5. An other illustration of the importance Jan attached to his task of promoting new insights from science was his function since 1977 as an author of tens of 'nutshell' reviews of books about medicine and biology for the Dutch Public Library Center in The Hague. He then also paid attention to the quality of the translation.


Memories of ESS members


I was greatly saddened to hear of Jan's death. I had the opportunity to interact with Jan only twice over a period of ten years. (Fortunately, one of those occasions was in Cambridge last summer). But on both occasions, I was struck with his many outstanding qualities. He was a person of great integrity and courage. (He revealed nothing to me of his illness in our conversations; I learned of it from another colleague.) He was also a gracious and engaging person to talk with, and he obviously had a keen intellect; though he was often critical of the papers that were presented, it was always done in a positive and constructive spirit. But most important, Jan was a builder - a person who inspired and furthered through his efforts purposes and projects that transcended his own self-interest. This, above all, is why we are so greatly in his debt.

Peter Corning



die Nachricht vom Tod des sehr geehrten Herrn Prof. Jan Wind hat mich sehr bewegt und überrascht, und ich möchte Ihnen meine aufrichtige Teilnahme aussprechen.

Hans Fründt



Die wissenschaftlichen Pionierarbeiten von Herrn Prof. Dr. Jan Wind über die Herkunft der menschlichen Sprache, über die Evolution und Ethologie der Primaten, über die Ontogenese der Kindersprache, über die Human- ethologie und Soziobiologie waren auch einigen tschechischen Ärzten, Ethologen, Evolutionsbiologen, Psychologen sowie Philosophen bekannt. Es war kein Zufall, daß der Vorstand der Europäischen soziobiologischen Gesellschaft (ESS) die Entscheidung traf, in Zusammenarbeit mit der Tschechoslowakischen Akademie der Wissenschaften ihre 14. Konferenz über das Thema "Sociobiology and Ethics" im Jahre 1991 in der ehemaligen Tschechoslowakei zu veranstalten. Die Konferenz, organisiert von Frau Doz. Dr. Leonovicová, fand im angenehmen Milieu des Barockschloßes Liblice statt, und es nahmen ungefähr 47 Wissenschaftler teil. Während der Konferenz wurden zahlreiche unformelle Kontakte angeknüpft und die meisten Diskussionen zwischen den tschechischen und holländischen Wissenschaftlern, unter aktiver Teilnahme von Prof. Wind, geführt.
    Im Buch Kamaryt, J. und R. Steindl, Philosophische Probleme der klassischen und modernen Ethologie (Prag, Academia Verlag 1989), welches ich Herrn Prof. Wind widmete, wurde nebst der Bedeutung der wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten von Konrad Lorenz und seiner Schule auch die Bedeutung der Soziobiologie hoch gewertet. In der ehemaligen Tschechoslowakei wurde die wissenschaftliche ethologische Gesellschaft gegründet, welches jedes Jahr Konferenzen über aktuelle Themen aus der gegenwartigen Ethologie und Soziobiologie veranstaltet. Als Mitglied dieser Gesellschaft verfaßte ich für deren Bulletin einen Nekrolog zum unerwarteten Hinscheiden des Herrn Prof. Dr. Jan Wind, welcher in Januar 1996 veröffentlicht wird. Sowohl die Mitglieder dieser Gesellschaft als auch ich persönlich, wir alle, die Prof. Dr. Jan Wind kannten, nahmen äußerst betrübt die Nachricht über den Verlust eines bedeutenden holländischen Wissenschaftlers und hervorragenden Menschen entgegen.

Jan Kamaryt



Before I had the privilege and pleasure of meeting Dr. Wind for the first time, at the 1986 Meeting of the International Society of Human Ethology in Tutzing, Germany, I already had developed from his writings an appreciation of his encompassing approach to scientific inquiry. His combined talents, as physician, as a humanitarian who rendered medical services in Africa, and as a scientist who analyzed individual and social behavior in the context of evolution, were indeed remarkable. It was in this integrative perspective that his observations at scholarly conferences always were incisive and convincing, ranging from clear conceptual identifications to particular logical inferences, all of which were cogent reminders of how to avoid flaws in reasoning that readily can occur.
    An impairing limitation in the pursuit of knowledge at the present time is the immense degree of specialization, not merely in the separation of different disciplines, but also within disciplines, to a point that a view beyond narrow confines is not possible, and that revealing discoveries through an interdisciplinary approach are precluded. The comprehensive frame of reference for inquiry that Dr. Wind always pursued should serve as a model for overcoming this limitation and as his important legacy to a more enlightening search for knowledge.

Fred Kort



My relationship with Jan Wind goes back to the founding of the ESS. I am not sure how the first contact was made. Jan was keen to found this new society and asked whether I would like to be involved. At that time I was worried about some of the more extreme kinds of sociobiology being voiced, mainly, in the United States. Human behaviour and society was being analysed biologically without realising the political dimension. I replied that a European society would be most valuable if it was fully aware of the political implications of biological theories of human behaviour.
    Fortunately both Jan and the founding board of ESS had this dimension in mind and the new society got off the ground. It was not long before politics became a major issue and I remember a meeting at which we discussed how best to deal with this. There were a series of meetings in the early days, and on one occasion Jan and Janneke were kind enough to accommodate me at their nice house in Bussum. We always had interest ing discussions, about anything and everything. Jan did not let theory overwhelm him, but he was interested from an objective and scientific standpoint in human capabilities and limitations. That was a common interest of the ESS group, and, of course, still is. Importantly, Jan, although a scientist, was somehow in a humanistic tradition, or so one felt. He was able to weigh scientific ideas in a wider balance, and that gave him a certain advantage.
    In his own writings he shows through clearly as a scientist, and he preferred, I think, to be on his own ground in his own specialism where he knew precisely what was going on. But he took a keen editorial and general interest in the ideas of others. He was instrumental in getting the volumes of Essays in Human Sociobiology published so that the ideas expressed at the meetings of the society would not be lost. He helped organise the meetings that led to the publication of other books such as The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism and The Aquatic Ape: Fact or Fiction.     I was sorry not to see him in Cambridge. While no longer an active member of academic societies (I go to few conferences these days) I maintain a keen interest in the ESS and the arguments presented by various scholars under its auspices. While the ESS remains in the humanistic tradition which Jan favoured it will continue to succeed, even though it will inevitably be let down by those who are politically naive and those who are politically biased.

Vernon Reynolds



Jan Wind continues in our minds as a friend. In many big and small acts he taught us to value him as friend and to feel likewise towards the ESS. My night-blind spouse, Elizabeth, remembers him as a friend who helped her descend in the dark the steps from Prof. Velle's house in Oslo after the party in 1988. Even before I met him he encouraged with letters when I worked among sociologists mostly hostile to sociobiology. Here on the West Coast of Canada he will be sadly missed, certainly by the Crawford and Richards families.

Guy Richards



I received the awful news and was astounded. I am writing to you because I literally do not know to whom express my sorrow. Since time I realized how much Professor Wind contributed to the advancement of knowledge, and helped to the promotion of each researcher in particular, myself as an example. Many of us owe him much.
With anybody you should to speak, I ask you doctor van der Dennen, tell him that dr. Santangelo remained very grieved, at the death of our common friend and life-fellow.

Antonio Santangelo



My wife and I met Jan in 1986 at a professional conference in Tutzing, Germany. Jan and I started comparing notes, found we had interests in common, and kept in close touch throughout the conference. It was not long before Jan invited me to be a member of both ESS and LOS.
Throughout the years since then I have appreciated his support and friendship, the even-handed way he approached controversial issues, his constant effort to help me and others to come together and exchange ideas.
I feel his death as a personal loss but think with pleasure that the results of his efforts live on in the organizations he created or helped to create.

David Smillie



Jan Wind was my host during a most memorable visit to Germany and the Netherlands, including my first ESS meeting. I certainly tested the limits of his tolerance, both then and as a "somewhat-tardy-with-his-dues" member of ESS, and I don't remember him letting me down! Let us hope ESS continues to grow and flourish.

Robert Trivers



Jan Wind left us his vision. It was so sad to hear that Jan Wind had passed away and that it would never again be possible to meet this kind man and friend who introduced me, among others, to the circle of the European Sociobiological Society in 1984. It is hard to imagine this Society without Jan, who defined its interdisciplinary nature and said that its objective was to serve "as a forum for the study of the role of biological factors in the behaviour of animals and man, with special emphasis on evolutionary aspects". He had a clear vision of the task and he inspired us for cooperative efforts to make true his vision, but life is more fragile than we believe, and now he is away and we are alone. We are still so far from the goal, and it is difficult for us to find and agree on the paths that would lead to the goal. But we have a vision that Jan left us. Let us try to keep this Society as a forum of free discussion and efforts to study the role of biological factors in the behaviour of animals and man. Such studies may show us, ultimately, the best means to make this world a little better place for all of us.

Tatu Vanhanan



Sandy and I really got to know Jan Wind in Augsburg, Germany in 1992. We had just moved to England for a year and thought the August meeting of ESS would be a fine beginning to our adventures. We were immediately struck by Jan's authentic, expressive face which showed warmth, intelligence and clarity all at once. He impressed us as one of those persons whose dignity was amply suffused with human kindness, was not stylized and was rooted in integrity of a special type.
    As the conference progressed we had occasion to talk more. We were saddened to learn how his family was damaged by misguided 'progressives'. Yet even with this, his anger was constrained by civility and his pain was channelled to a larger purpose of righting a personal wrong via sound, scientific social action. He was as fine a silverback male the primate line has produced. Like a good band leader he had a good humor and moved softly and slowly unless he perceived a threat to the interests of his group.
    In Augsburg we toured around with Jan and others at the end of the conference. Augsburg is a fine city with a remarkable history of spiritual conflict yielding to ecumenical comity as well as a reconstruction of peace from the rubble of war. It somehow seems fitting to recall Jan with this as a backdrop as he seemed to embody a similar ability to reconcile divergencies. Our meeting was perhaps of special personal meaning to us as Jan was supremely solicitous of Sandy's needs being near term with our first child.
    Thus, it was so nice to meet Jan with his wife again in Cambridge. In American English there is, as it happens, a figure of speech for a man of fatherly warmth who takes a sincere interest in others - 'a Dutch uncle'. We showed photographs of our little Victoria and Jan was, true to form, all the doting uncle. To my eye as a physician he looked drawn down a bit but quite animated. We had no true idea we would not see him again. It is hard to believe he died so soon thereafter. We miss him and wish his family well.

Daniel R. Wilson



I was shocked and deeply saddened by the news of the death of Jan Wind. I never met him personally - I am the loser for that - but I want to take this opportunity to express my admiration for the intelligence, originality, courage, and foresightedness he demonstrated in guiding the ESS and other important research endeavors in human behavior.

Edward O. Wilson



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